Wenden History

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Origin of the name

The name of the town have a reference in the end of 9th to the begin of 10th Century. However, maybe it was much earlier, when based on the names of the streams, such asturning.

The contact name has probably developed from a frontier country out of the situation. For the first millennium the region was on the border of the Frankish and Saxon tribes. We can assume further that the first settlement was called at that time to the first named stream that turn.

On the other hand, is told that the apostle Peter was the contact name. For the Lord God traveled with Peter the earth. They also came to Wenden country in thatbarren area that was considered as a second Siberia, and was struck in the worldwith boards. When God asked his companion, everywhere you have to run fornow, Peter will have answered: "O Lord, here begins a rugged country doesapply, here we go!"

 

History

Middle Ages / The Wends

Contact during the Middle Ages a summary, German-language name for the Slavs who settled in German areas (the Elbe and the Baltic Slavs). In the so-called Wendish Crusade of 1147 submitted Saxon princes with Polish and Danish aid the Slavic tribes (Luitizen, Obotrites) and converts them to contact Christentum.Die therefore were a Slavic tribe that was located in the east between the Elbe and Oder.

 

Wenden race

The ethnonym "Contact" is available in various versions since 6 Century in the written tradition nachweisbar.Im Latin, the term continues to Vandalia and Vandalorum (change country) geblieben.Das word contact is brought in connection with the Latin (and Greek) name Venetae, with the turning point in the Roman Empire three different nations were referred to: the Celtic Veneti lived at the time of Caesar in Gaul north of the Loire estuary. The Venetians of the eastern Alps and the northern Adriatic have left brief written testimony and uncertain classified as Italic or Illyrian. The third Venetae Venedae or in the Roman Empire were known only by hearsay. The authors Pliny, Tacitus, Ptolemy and the early Middle Ages, according to Jordanes, they lived in the Baltic States or elsewhere east of the Vistula. According to the most sophisticated representation of Ptolemy they were probably Balts. As Slavs come to his description rather Sulones and Stavani question, whose territory extended far up the Alauni (Alans).


History of the Wenden race

Since the late 6th In the 7th century and Century Slavs migrated into the above mentioned areas of Germania Slavica one. It was around the time of 600 and in the first half of the 7th Century first be settled areas along the Elbe and Saale lower. From the end of the 7th Century and intensified in the 8th Century was the colonization of the north of it lying regions to the Baltic Sea. For a development of "tribes" and "tribal associations" (ethnogenesis), there was only a result of land acquisition in newly developed residential areas. A highlight of the West Slavic history, the early "nation building" in the area of ??today's Abodrites Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg in the 11th Dar. century the Slavs fought against the Danes and German for supremacy in the southern Baltic region (eg in the crusade against the Wends), and finally succumbed. Also on the Danish islands of Lolland and Falster, there was colonization of the East Slavic Siedlungen.Im during the medieval from the 11th Century, but increasingly in the 12th And 13th century Century, there was a merger of the Elbe Slavs with the newly arrived German settlers and the emergence of so-called "German Neustämme" of Brandenburg, Mecklenburg, Pomerania, Silesia and East Prussia (The East Prussia, however, are not Germans and turns, but in German, Baltic Prussians , Lithuanians and Polish Masowiern created). The West Slavic languages ??and dialects in the Holy Roman Empire were in a centuries-long process of Germanization - forced back - often with restrictions (use restrictions). In the 15th Century, the use of the Sorbian language in the courts of evidence prohibited. However, it was used in everyday life continues, and even Martin Luther railed against "capricious talking" farmers in the district of Wittenberg. In some areas such as Wendland in Lower Saxony (see also Drawehn) or in the Brandenburg and Saxony, Lusatia, the Slavs, their cultural autonomy and their languages ??were until well into the 18th Century or still retain.

History of the city

The first known written reference to apply current knowledge in 1011th In an ancient instrument of one in the 9th Century nunnery founded in Herford possessions were listed in Wendenne, although this was almost certainly the former name of present-day contact. Of this document still exists a notarized copy of the 14th Century. What are the contents of the document in detail but is is unclear. Been exactly when, and if so by whom goods mainly to the Benedictine monastery, are now able to not be identified. It could be that this arises already from the Carolingian period. Or had Charlemagne and his successors could next to do with it. Because at that time was the center of Paderborn Saxon mission, which Charles the Great in 777 held the first meeting on Frankish Empire Frankish soil. Twelve years later (789) then mentioned the Benedictine abbey was founded together with the monastery of Corvey. Another ten years later (799) Pope Leo III, visited. the city and the Archdiocese of Paderborn was founded. In any case, the Herford abbey in subsequent centuries was considered generous with goods and land, lying in the vicinity. So also in the Sauerland and the Rhine.

The first church or chapel in Wenden country was very likely the end of the 13th or early 14 Century built. In an old release directory, called "Liber Valoris" the Archdiocese of Cologne in the 14th Century is an entry under the name "Wendene Capella" to find. This directory has been set up by the time 1313 to 1316 and listed on the ownership and income of the parishes in the Duchy of Westphalia.

The contact area of ??the municipality was for centuries the borderland. This used to the areas of Nassau-Siegen limited to the southeast and east, which together control the game Castle in the south and southwest as well as that of the Duchy of Berg in the west and northwest. Today find themselves at the intersections of several old territories "Mr. Three Stones", landmarks of the time.

The municipality was formerly part of the electorate of Cologne. For this reason, the Wenden are still known as the victorious countries, "the Kölsch". In any case, after the Reformation in Wenden country changed nothing. Here held on to the old faith, while the winning country and the region of the former Duchy of Berg, the doctrine of Luther was adopted.

Towards the end of the Middle Ages built the Nassau-Orange to build a solid barrier. . Part of this boundary that separates the winning country from the present district of Olpe, it's called "Cologne Tail" (Note that this Kölsch rear it have been around for many many years ago it was - an approximately 105 kilometers long and up to 50 meters wide rampart with the territory of Orange-Nassau by the Cologne demarcated. After a map of 1765, the course is to follow it exactly. Why is the construction was done is unclear. the border wall was located along its entire length on nassauischem area, now Siegerland, and was thus really the "land hedge" of Nassau-Orange. He had the task to keep unwanted intruders. For this reason, he was more than just a boundary. Rather, the Wall a kind of fortification, which contributed to the conditions in the area calculation . From this hedge, the hedge Kölsch has certainly got its name.) It was originally a tribal boundary that separated the territory of the Franks and the Saxons. These different peoples, it was then also a language barrier, High German and Low German. And after the Reformation, there was also a religious boundary. The Catholic "Cologne" and the followers of Luther were separated in the winning country. Even today, a part of the former border wall is clearly visible. Even the old turnpike, the "wood Klauer blow," is still preserved and is a listed building.

Modern history of Wenden

Until 1802, contact was part of the Duchy of Westphalia.

The Duchy of Westphalia was a territory in the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation, and until 1803 belonged to the Electorate of Cologne. The duchy was in the south of the bay Westphalian. In addition to the fertile plains of the Soest flare was a significant part of the Duchy dessau country. After the Hessians were 14 sovereigns, until they were replaced in 1816 by the Prussians. During the time Hesse, the court did apply to the Office of Olpe.

In 1843/44 the official contact from the community, contact Hagen and Romans were formed. The new parish was created from the merger of contact and contact Roman Hagen on 1 July 1969. Since it includes just the former official contact, which was dissolved at the same time.

With a land area of ??72.56 km ² is the community turn to the area communities in rural areas, the ² with 276 people on one kilometers considerably below the national average of North Rhine-Westphalia, is about even though the population of the town of 8668 in 1946 to now increased 20,000.

After the war, large financial efforts of the community were needed to the children especially in rural areas an opportunity to give to the urban areas. In 1976, for a large school and cultural center was put into operation, which was given by the will of the Council the name "Konrad-Adenauer-school".

The four spacious community secondary school with expandable Bautrakten to complete the secondary reality of their organization and conceptually equal opportunities for all children of the community. In 1983 the training program with the establishment of the school was extended addressing. More and more continuing education schools are within the county town of Olpe.

In 1990 the new town hall of the contact was obtained. After a construction period of just under a half years so that was functional and the concerns of citizens are given appropriate facility, which also represents another urban center in the community.

 

Attractions for Tourists

Wenden Community was officially built in 1969 after a restructuring took place in the North Rhine-Westphalia. This restructuring combined the Amt of Wenden with other local communities which were amalgamated into the community. The community offers many local attractions which are very popular among the tourists. Chief among these are the Sauerland Theater, Wendener Hutte Museum, and Domschlade pilgrimage chapel. For the tourists who visit the Wenden community in August, the Wenden Kirmes, a special yearly festival, offers a unique delight. During the festival, several contests are held, and a local market is setup that carries some of the most unique collection of items you can buy. The community also offers adventure lovers great options, and the mountain trails surrounding the community are a great favourite of bikers and climbers who take great delight in scaling these low mountains.

Wenden has become a popular tourist spot in Germany, and because of its old world charm it is preferred by tourists who are tired of visiting places that are always bustling with tourists. The untouched and delightful terrains surrounding Wenden are a great way to abscond from the responsibilities of your life for a short time and come back completely relaxed.

 

Rich Cultural History

Wenden is said to have been settled by the Franks and the Saxons in the late first century. Researchers who have studied Wenden and the areas surrounding it say that the name Wenden suggests a settlement in 900 AD. However there are many villages and stream with Germanic names that suggest that there were settlements in the region even before Wended was founded, and they either died out, or the people came together at what is now the modern community of Wenden. Many Germans that were driven out of their hometowns after the Second World War are believed to have made Wenden their new home and lad their roots here.

 

Religion

The residents of the community are turning to a large majority of the Catholic faith. With the exception of Möllmicke and Rothemühle has every major town on a Catholic church or chapel. In Hünsborn it is the parish church of St. Kunibert. In turning and Rothemühle exist Protestant churches except the Catholic Church in Gerlingen neuapostolisches a house of worship. A regionally important place of pilgrimage for Catholics is the Dörnschlade, between the hamlets Hünsborn, turning and Altenhof middle of the forest. According to legend, there was found one of the Wenden church stolen statue. The chapel is used by many of the faithful to prayer. Among other uses, the local KAB Dörnschlade for the annual pilgrimage. After the Second World War, many refugees fled from the former German eastern territories rich in the former official turning over and settled mainly in the districts and Vahlberg Rothemühle. So in the '50s was the 20th Century, the Protestant chapel Rothemühle. In the '80s came the Protestant community in the central town center to apply to the chapel expired quickly Rothemühle the rank. In 2006, the Presbytery of the Evangelical Church of Olpe, is one of the turns, like the decision to abandon the church in Rothemühle. The Chapel Building Association Rothemühle then took over financial responsibility for the church, so their inventory is guaranteed for the time being.

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